EVALUATION OF AUTHENTICITY ON THE BASIS OF THE NARA GRID IN ADAPTIVE REUSE OF MANOCHEHRI HISTORICAL HOUSE KASHAN, IRAN

Parastoo Eshrati, Somayeh Fadaei Nezhad Bahramjerdi, Samaneh Eftekhari Mahabadi, Mitra Azad

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v11i3.1276

Abstract

Since it is highly desirable in the reuse of historic monuments not only to maintain their values but to promote them in contemporary life, authenticity is considered one of the measures of success in adaptive reuse projects. Nara Grid, which is designed concerning authenticity, is used as a tool to assess the authenticity of cultural heritage. This paper investigates authenticity in the adaptive reuse of Manouchehri House in Kashan based on the Nara Grid. The importance of this house lies in the fact that it is one of the first which has been reused by the private sector in this city and also has managed to encourage private sector partnership in the reuse of houses in this city and other historic cities of Iran. It has also been able to increase government trust, which shifts from top-down to a bottom-up approach in the field of cultural heritage, in the private sector. In this research, using Statistical Analysis methods, it is determined within the adaptive reuse of this house which ‘Dimensions’ and ‘Aspects’ of authenticity have received more attention and which ones received less; and also significant differences among individual’s viewpoints according to their gender, field, education, and age were investigated.


Keywords

Authenticity; Adoptive Reuse;Manouchehri House;Kashan;Iran

Full Text:

PDF

References

Andrews, Thomas D., and Susan Buggey. (2008). "Authenticity in Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes." APT Bulletin 39 (2/3): 63-71.

Araoz, Gustavo F. (2008). "World-Heritage Historic Urban Landscapes: Defining and Protecting Authenticity." APT Bulletin 39 (2/3): 33-37.

Archive Restoration workshop of Manouchehri House .(2014). Kashan, Iran.

Aydin, Dicle, Esra Yaldiz, and Siramkaya B. Süheyla. (2015). “Evaluation of Domestic Architecture via the Context of Sustainability: Cases from Konya City Center.” Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 9 (1): 305-317.

Bandarin, Francesco and Ron Van Oers. (2012). Historic Urban Landscape: Managing Heritage in an Urban Century. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Birashk, Soraya. (1995). “The Process of Development and Evolution of the Kashan City within History from the Beginning to the End of the Seljuk Period.” In Proceedings of the Congress Architectural & Urbanism History of Iran, Volume III, Tehran: Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization.

Bullen, Peter A., and Peter E. D. Love. (2011). "Adaptive Reuse of Heritage Buildings." Structural Survey 29 (5): 411-421. doi: 10.1108/02630801111182439

Cohen, Nahoum. (1999). Urban Conservation. Cambridge, Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

English Heritage. (2007). The Use of Historic Building in Regeneration. London: English Heritage.

Fadaei Nezhad, Somayeh, and Parastoo Eshrati. (2015). “Analyzing the Components for Recognition the Concept of Authenticity in Cultural Heritage Conservation.” Journal of Fine Arts, Architecture and Urbanism 19(4): 77-86.

Fadaei Nezhad, Somayeh, Parastoo Eshrati, and Dorna Eshrati. (2015a). “Authenticity Evaluation in Revitalization of the Atique Square of Isfahan.” IJAUP: International Journal of Architectural Engineering & Urban Planning 25 (2): 112-119.

Fadaei Nezhad, Somayeh, Parastoo Eshrati, and Dorna Eshrati. (2015b). “A Definition of Authenticity Concept in Conservation of Cultural Landscapes.” Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 9 (1): 93-107.

Fakhoury, Leen A, and Naif A. Haddad. (2017). “Aspects of the Architectural and Urban Heritage: From Registers to Conservation for Adaptive and Modern Use at the Historic Cores of Salt and Irbid, Jordan.” Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 11 (2): 190-218.

Feizi, Reza. (2017). Interview by Parastoo Eshrati. Personal Interview. Shahid Beheshti University, January 9, 2017.

Financial Tribune. (2015). “Kashan, a Lesson in Authenticity, Architecture.” Financial Tribune, February 08. Accessed 20 April 2017. https://financialtribune.com/articles/travel/10722/kashan-a-lesson-in-authenticity-architecture

Ghalayini, Latifa. (2011). “The Interaction between Oil Price and Economic Growth.” Middle Eastern Finance and Economics (13): 127-141.

Ghirshman, Roman. (1940). “Excavations of Sialk.” Translated and edited by Sadegh Tobiah. Journal of Education 10 (6/7): 44-55.

Gregory, Jenny. (2008). “Reconsidering Relocated Building: ICOMOS, Authenticity and Mass Relocation.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 14 (2): 112-130. doi: 10.1080/13527250701844027.

Haddad, Naif. (2007). “Criteria for the Assessment of the Modern Use of Ancient Theatres and Odea.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 13 (3): 265-280. doi: 10.1080/13527250701228221.

Haddad, Naif A., and Leen A. Fakhoury. (2016). “Towards Developing a Sustainable Heritage Tourism and Conservation Action Plan for Irbid’s Historic Core.” Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 10 (3): 36-59.

Helli, Ali Akbar, and Shahnaz Nader. (2008). “Manouchehri House.” Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 2014-2016. Accessed 20 April 2017. http://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/manouchehri-house

Helli, Ali Akbar. (2015). Interview by Mitra Azad. Personal Interview with Construction Technician. Manouchehri House, January 4, 2012.

ICOMOS. (1964). Venice Charter, International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites. Paris: ICOMOS. Accessed: May 11, 2014. http://www.international.icomos.org/centre_documentation/chartes_eng.htm

ICOMOS. (1994). Nara Document on Authenticity, the Nara Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention. Paris: ICOMOS. Accessed May 12, 2010. http://icomos.org/index.php/en/charters-and-texts.

ICOMOS. (1996). Declaration of Saint Antonio, Declaration of the InterAmerican Symposium on Authenticity in the Conservation and Management of the Cultural Heritage. National Committees of the Americas, Saint Antonio, Texas: ICOMOS.

ICOMOS. (1999a). Burra Charter, The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance. Deakin University: Australia ICOMOS Incorporated. Accessed June 12, 2015. http://australia.icomos.org/publications/charters.

ICOMOS. (1999b). International Cultural Tourism Charter, Managing Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance. Mexico: ICOMOS.

Inaba, Nobuko. (2009). “Authenticity and Heritage Concepts: Tangible and Intangible, Discussions in Japan.” In Conserving the Authentic: Essays in Honour of Jukka Jokilehto, edited by Nicholas Stanley-Price, and Joseph King, 153-163. Rome: ICCROM.

Iran's 20-Year Vision Plan on the Horizon 1404. (2003). Expediency Council. Adopted on 4 November 2003. Accessed January 11, 2016. http://farsi.khamenei.ir/special?id=4133, Accessed 20 January 2017.

Izadi, Mohamad Saeed. (2008). “A Study of City Center Regeneration: A Comparative Analysis of Two Different Approaches to The Revitalization of Historic City Center in Iran.” PhD diss., New Castle University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape.

Izadi, Mohamad Saeed. (2014). National Strategy Document on Revitalizing, Upgrading, Renovating and Enabling Deteriorated and Underutilized Urban Fabrics. Tehran, Iran: The Council of Ministers, Ministry of Road & Urban Development, Urban Development and Revitalization Organization (UDRO).

Izadi, Mohamad Saeed. (2017). Interview by Somayesh Fadaei Nezhad. Personal Interview. College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, January 6, 2017.

Jokilehto. Jukka. (2006). “Considerations on Authenticity and Integrity in World Heritage Context.” City & Time 2 (1): 1.

Korumaz, Mustafa, S. Armagan Gulec Korumaz, and Fatih Canan. (2012). “Authenticity Examination of re-used traditional houses in the city center of Konya, Turkey.” International Journal of Multidisciplinary Thought 2 (3): 51-58.

Majedi, Hamid, Hosein Amjad, and Homan Bahmanpour. (2014). “A model to Revitalization of Historical and Cultural Places (Case study: Moshir-o-Almamalek, Garden City of Yazd).” Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 15 (4): 119-132.

Majidi, Mahsa. (2016). “Interview with Saba Manouchehri.” Memar Magazine (99): 40-49.

Manouchehri, Saba. (2017). Interview by Somayeh Fadaei Nezhad. Personal Interview. College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, January 12, 2017.

Mine, Tanaç Zeren. (2013). "Adaptive Re-use of Monuments “Restoring Religious Buildings with Different Uses”." Journal of Cultural Heritage 14 (3): S14-S19. doi: 10.1016/j.culher.2012.11.017.

Mitchell, Nora J. (2008). "Considering the Authenticity of Cultural Landscapes." APT Bulletin 39 (2/3): 25-31.

Mitchell, Nora J., Mechtild Rossler, and Pierre-Marie Tricaud. (2009). World Heritage Cultural Landscapes: A Handbook for Conservation and Management, World Heritage Paper 26. Paris: UNESCO WHC.

Mohammad Moradi, Asghad, and Mehrzad Parhizkari. (2013). “An Approach to Rehabilitation of Qajar Hotel in Qazvin.” Journal of Architecture Iranian Studies 1 (3):55-66.

Musai, Meysam. (2013). “A Study of Demand Factors on Foreign Tourism in Iran.” International Journal of Social Sciences 3 (4): 35-42.

Parsi, Faramarz. (2017). Interview by Parastoo Eshrati. Personal Interview. College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, January 10, 2017.

Philokyprou, Maria. (2014). “Adaptation of New University Uses in Old Buildings: The Case of Rehabilitation of Listed Buildings in Limassol Cyprus for University Purposes.” International Journal of Architectural Heritage 8 (5): 758-782.

Rossler, Mechtild. (2008). "Applying Authenticity to Cultural Landscapes." APT Bulletin 39 (2/3): 47-52.

RUFHP. (2012). Three Colors of Rehabilitation, First Chapter: The Role and Legal Status, Objectives and Duties, Patterns of Attract Investment, Document of Rehabilitation. Edited by Ehsan Iravani. Tehran: Rehabilitation and Utilization Fund for Historical Places.

Sarmento, João, and Zahra Kazemi. (2014). “Hammams and the Contemporary City: the Case of Isfahan, Iran.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 20 (2): 138-156. doi: 10.1080/13527258.2012.736873.

Shehada, Ziad M.M., Yahaya Bin Ahmad, Naziaty M. Yaacob, and Nila I. M. Keumala. (2015). “Developing Methodology for Adaptive Re-Use: Case Study of Heritage Buildings In Palestin.” Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 9 (2): 216-229.

Shipley, Robert, Steve Utz, and Michael Parsons. (2006). “Does Adaptive Reuse Pay? A Study of the Business of Building Renovation in Ontario, Canada.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 12 (6): 505-520. doi: 10.1080/13527250600940181.

SIAP. (2013). “A Delightful Restoration.” Society of Iranian Architect and Planner, January 23. Accessed 20 April 2017. http://archive2016.siap.org/ee-index.php/news/story/a_delightful_restoration.

Steinberg, Florian. (2007). “Conservation and Rehabilitation of Urban Heritage in Developing Countries.” Habitant International 20 (3): 463-475. doi: 10.1016/0197-3975(96)00012-4.

Stovel, Herb. (1995). “Considerations in Framing the Authenticity Question for Conservation.” In Proceedings of the Nara Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention. Paris: UNESCO WHC.

Stovel, Herb. (2003). from commentaries included in Annex 4, The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. Paris: UNESCO WHC.

Stovel, Herb. (2007). “Effective use of authenticity and integrity as world heritage qualifying conditions.” City & Time 2 (3): 3.

Strange, Ian, and David Whitney. (2003). “The Changing Roles and Purposes of Heritage Conservation in the UK.” Planning Practice and Research 18: 219-229. doi: 10.1080/0269745032000168278.

Talebi Nezhad, Ahmad. (2016). Interview by Somayeh Fadaei Nezhad. Personal Interview. Hydalo Eighth Millennium Consulting Engineers Company, December 23, 2016.

UNESCO WHC. (2005). Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, World Heritage Committee and World Heritage Centre. Accessed March 14, 2015. http://whc.unesco.org/en/guidelines/.

UNESCO WHC. (2007). Asia conserved: Lessons learned from the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation (2004-2004). Bangkok: UNESCO.

UNESCO WHC. (2015). Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, World Heritage Committee and World Heritage Centre. Accessed March 12, 2015.http://whc.unesco.org/en/guidelines/.

UNESCO. (2003). Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO WHC.

Van Balen, Koenraad. (2008). "The Nara Grid: An Evaluation Scheme Based on the Nara Document on Authenticity." APT Bulletin 39 (2/3): 39-45.

WTTC Report. (2015). Travel Tourism Economic Impact Iran. London: World Travel & Tourism Council.

Zancheti, Silvio, Flaviana Lira, and Rosane Piccolo. (2009). “Judging the authenticity of the city.” In Conserving the Authentic: Essays in Honour of Jukka Jokilehto, edited by Nicholas Stanley-Price, and Joseph King, 163-168. Rome: ICCROM.

Zia Shahabi, Noushin, and Nadieh Imani. (2013). “The Role of Interior Design in Preservation the Latent Values in a Historical Building a Critical Survey into the Revitalization of Music Museum, Moghaddam Museum and Saba Museum.” Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning 5 (10): 121-140.

URL 1: http://www.manouchehrihouse.com/


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014