H. Filiz Alkan Meshur



The number of people with disabilities who can move without help is quite low in the urban spaces. This significantly indicates the extent to which disabled people’s participation in  urban and social life is low, and opportunities for them to move independently are constrained. The aim of this article was to determine the problems of people with disabilities encountered in urban areas. Limited accessibility for people with disabilities to the services  offered in urban spaces, due to the architectural obstacles that result from the built environment, was put forward as the main problem. Issues such as accessibility for people with disabilities to the physical space, using the space and leaving the space, the limitations  in terms of accessibility and the problems encountered within urban spaces were elaborated on. The current situation in the streets of the Kızılay city centre, Ankara, was observed, in order to determine whether the accessibility standards had been applied in an urban space.  Orthopedically and visually impaired people who can be considered to encounter more  obstacles in using urban spaces when compared with other impairment groups, constituted  the field study group. According to the results of the field study, it was confirmed that the  design standards for people with disabilities were not taken into account in the sample field.


Disability; disabled people; accessibility; universal design; urban planning

Full Text:



Asmervik, S. (2002). Cities, buildings and parks for everyone, a universal design compendium. In J. Christophersen (Ed.), Universal Design: 17 ways of thinking and teaching, Husbanken, Oslo, Norway.

Atak, E. (2001). Engelsiz yapılı çevre düzenlemelerinin mevzuat kapsamında incelenmesi. Özürlüler İdaresi Başkanlığı, Özürlüler Uzmanlığı Tezi, Ankara.

Atıcı, I. (2007). Disabled individuals and the use of urban space. (Master’s thesis, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey).

Barnes, C. (2011). Understanding disability and the importance of design for all. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, JACCES, 1(1), 55-80.

Blaga, O.E. (2013). Pedestrian zones as important urban strategies in redeveloping the community – Case study: Alba Iulıa Borough Park. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 38, 5–22.

Button, K., Vega, H. & Nijkamp, P. (2010). A dictionary of transport analysis. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

Caglayan, D. (2008). The attitudes of responsible local agencies towards disability. (Doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey).

Centre for Universal Design. (2011). The new principles of universal design. Centre for Universal Design, College of Design, North Carolina State University. Retrieved from [Accessed 11th July 2011].

Christophersen, J. (2002). Appendix, definition, principles and guidelines. In J. Christophersen (Ed.), Universal design: 17 ways of thinking and teaching, Husbanken, Oslo, Norway.

Güngör, C. (2007). Evaluation of shopping centers with regard to accessibility standards for the handicapped. (Doctoral dissertation, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey).

Imrie, R. (2000). Responding to the design needs of disabled people. Journal of Urban Design, 5 (2), 199–219.

Maraz, E. (2009). The accessibility standards for disabled people in the urban areas-examination of Mecidiyeköy and Yenibosna metrobus stations. (Master’s thesis, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey).

Muftuoglu, U. (2006). The research about the opportunities of physically disabled people using wheelchair for profit from urban areas on the example of Trabzon city centre. (Master’s thesis, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey).

Ozturk, N., Ozalp, H., Koca, C., Parlak, B. & Eryuzlu, I.H. (2012). Accessible city regulation draft, WDF World Disability Foundation, Istanbul, Turkey.

Polat, E. (1998). Accessible and livable pedestrians’ spaces in design for disabled: in Ankara centre Kızılay pedestrian area a sample of Sakarya street pedestrian space. (Master’s thesis, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey).

Seyyar, A. (1999). Özürlülüğün tanımlanmasındaki sosyal faktörlerin önemi. Saray Rehabilitasyon Dergisi, (2), T.C. Başbakanlık, Sosyal Hizmetler ve Çocuk Esirgeme Kurumu, Ankara.

Sirel, B., Boyacıgil, O., Duymuş, H. & Konaklı, N. (2012). Evaluating of open spaces of Çukurova University campus in respect to physical disabled people. Cukurova University Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, 27(1), 53–72.

Steinfield, E. (2006). Position paper: the future of universal design. Buffalo, IDEA Center.

Stoneham, J. & Thoday, P. (1996). Landscape design for elderly and disabled people. Garden Art Pres, London.

TSE (1999). Şehir içi yollar- özürlü ve yaşlılar için sokak, cadde, meydan ve yollarda yapısal önlemler ve işaretlerin tasarım kuralları. Türk Standartları Enstitüsü, Ankara.

TUIK (2010). Survey on problems and expectations of disabled people. Turkish Statistical Institute, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Family and Social Policies, Turkey.

United Nations. (2007). Accessibility: A guiding principle of the Convention. Retrieved from accessed 15th February 2013. [Accessed 14 January 2013].


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018


Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014