THE IMPACTS OF PRESTIGE PROJECTS ON THE SKYLINE OF ISTANBUL

Suzan Girginkaya Akdağ, Seda H. Bostanci

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v7i2.170

Abstract

The concept of prestige projects for cities is related to governments’ politics and visions.  Under the effects of globalization, central and local authorities have constructed   competitive cities. But these cities also have important historical qualities hence these processes have to be made by a holistic planning vision and conservation strategy. For instance, if a city waterfront skyline has a strong image; new constructions should be designed in harmony with the local topography and urban pattern. This paper is based on mathematical and computer based approaches for evaluating aesthetic qualities of city skylines. Therefore a case study on high rise buildings in the main prestige CBD of Istanbul is done. GIS models of Maslak-Zincirlikuyu axis is made and its past, present and future skylines are extracted by database querying and visual analysis. The skylines derived are finally measured by entropy analyses based on formal aesthetic  characteristics.

Keywords

GIS models; urban skylines; aesthetic quality; entropy; prestige projects

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ağat, N. (1963). Boğaziçi'nin Turistik Etüdü. Unpublished PhD thesis, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Mimarlık Fakültesi.

Akpınar, İ. Y. (2008). Bugün için geçmiş: Prost Planı’ndan günümüze, politik araç olarak kentsel tasarım. Mimarist 2008/10, s. 61-67.

Artan, T. (1989). Architecture as a Theatre of Life; Profile of the Eighteenth Century Bosporus. Unpublished PhD thesis, MIT.

Bostancı, S.H. (2008). Kent Siluetlerinin Entropi Yaklaşımı ile Değerlendirmesi. Unpublished PhD thesis, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Bostancı, S.H. and Ocakçı, M. (2009). Relations among urban design, aesthetic and entropy. 4th International Urban Design Congress, Istanbul, 27-28 May 2009, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Branch of Urban Design, p. 43-51.

Bostancı, S.H. and Ocakçı, M. (2011). Innovative approach to aesthetic evaluation based on entropy. European Planning Studies, 19;4, p. 705-723.

Carmona M., Heath, T., Oc, T. and Tiesdell, S. (2003). Public Places Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design, U.K., Architectural Press.

Çavuşoğlu, E. (2006). İstanbul’un planlanamama geleneği ve İMP, Şehir Plancıları Odası Yayını.

Enlil, Z. M., Dinçer, İ., and Görgülü, Z. (2001). Görkemli Su Bulvarı’nın Dönüşümü: Boğaziçi’nin Yönetimi ve Kötü Yönetimi. İstanbul Dergisi, 39 (Ekim), s. 57-63.

Girginkaya, S. (2011). Yüksek Binaların Kent Silüetine Etkisinin Değerlendirilmesi İçin Cbs Tabanlı Bir Yöntem: Zincirlikuyu-Maslak Hattı Örneği. Unpublished PhD thesis, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi.

Güney C., Girginkaya S., Çağdaş G., Yavuz. S. (2012). Tailoring a geomodel for analyzing an urban skyline. Landscape and Urban Planning, January 2012.

Görgülü, T. and Kaymaz Koca, S. (2009). Küresel akışlar, İstanbul ve İstanbul’da küresel mimarlık. Megaron Journal, 4;2, p. 101-109.

Kahraman, T. (2006). İstanbul kentinde kentsel dönüşüm projeleri ve prestij projeleri. Planlama Dergisi, 2006-2, s. 93- 101.

Keyder, Ç. (2009). Küresel Bağlamda İstanbul. Urban Age İstanbul Konferansı: İstanbul Kesişimler Şehri, 4-6 Kasım 2009, s. 45.

Konuk, G. (2008). Planlamada yüksek yapı politikasini oluştururken esneklik önemlidir” Söyleşi, Arkitera. Retieved from http://www.arkitera.com/s105-planlamada-yuksek-yapi-politikasini-olustururken-esneklik onemlidir.html,

Loftman, P. and Nevin, B. (1996). Going for growth: Prestige projects in three British cities. Urban Studies, 33;6, p. 991-1019.

Madanipour, A. (1996). Design of Urban Space: An Inquiry into a Socio-spatial Process, U.K., John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Mutizwa-Mangiza, N.D. (2009). A New Role for Urban Planning in a Changing Environmental Climate, London: UN Habitat: For a Better Urban Future, (The Planning Convention: Planning in a Changing Climate Royal Town Planning Institute).

Nasar, J.L. (1994). Urban Design Aesthetics: The Evaluative Qualities of Building Exteriors. Environment and Behavior, 26;3, p. 377-401.

Öke, A. (1991). İstanbul'un Geleceği ve Gökdelenler, Mimarlar Odası İstanbul Büyükkent Şubesi Retieved fom http://makaleler.tripod.com/bilimsel/03.htm,

Özdemir, D. (2000). Yabancı Sermayenin İstanbul Haritası. İstanbul Dergisi, 35, s.96-104.

Roberts M. and Lloyd-Jones T. (2001). Urban generators. In: Roberts M. and Greed C. (eds), Approaching urban design the design process, England: Pearson Education Limited.

Tütengil, C. O. (2001). Profitopolis: İnsanı Umursamayan Kentleşme. Mimarist 2001/3.

Yenen, Z., Enlil, Z. M., and Ünal, Y. (1993). A City of Waterfronts or a City Inland. In R. Brutomesso (ed.), Waterfronts: A New Frontier for Cities on Water, Venice, s. 116-123.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR



ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014