Manal Al-Bishawi, Shadi Ghadban

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v5i1.219


This paper suggests a methodological approach for reading and analyzing urban open spaces, based on the concept of behavioral setting, which deals with individuals and their behavior as a tool for reading the urban open space. The behavioral setting is defined as the smallest living entity in the physical environment and has three main components: physical (design), social (use) and cultural (rules). Based on that, the urban open space, as a part of the physical environment, can be considered as either one setting or a system of settings, according to the activities that take place within it and the users who occupy it.

The proposed methodological approach will be discussed through the theoretical analysis of various studies on the physical form of urban open spaces. The approach is expected to help planners and architects in developing and providing urban spaces that comply with people’s needs and values.


Urban open space; physical form; behavioral setting; needs; values

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