THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE HAMMAMS OF FEZ, MOROCCO

Kamal Raftani, Hassan Radoine

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v2i3.282

Abstract

Morocco is one of the countries with the highest record of traditional living hammāms. Despite this fact, this key civic building remains poorly studied by researchers and professionals. This paper presents a research into Moroccan hammāms and shed some light on the formation and evolution of the traditional urban space. It focuses on the hammāms of the world heritage city of Fez – also referred to as Medina of Fez – and presents an analysis of the architecture of this building type and its relationship with its urban environment. It investigates the historic context of the hammām, its origin and the different infl uences that have contributed in shaping its architectural identity. It also assesses its current state and discusses its elements of sustainability.


Keywords

Medina; traditional hammam; architecture; bathing spaces; heritage

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References

El-Habashi, A. (2006), “Restoration for Site Presentation: The Ruins of the Idrissid Bath in Volubilis, Morocco”, in the proceedings of the conference Conservation in Changing Societies: Heritage and Development, Katholike Universiteit, Raymond Lemaire International Centre for Conservation, Leuven, Belgium, PP. 267-276.

Ibn Abi Zar’, (14th Century), “Rawd al-Qirtas”, Quarawiyin manuscripts library, Fez, Morocco.

Raftani, K., Moutawakil, R. & Karim, F. (2006), “Enquête sur les Bains Traditionnels de Fès”, ADERFez, Fez, Morocco.

Redman, C. (1986), Qsar es-Saghir: An Archeological View of Medieval life, INC Orlando: Academic Press, PP. 71-72 .

Terrasse, H. (1950), “Trois Bains Mérinides du Maroc,” in Mélanges, Williams Marçais, Paris, France.


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