Ahad Nejad Ebrahimi

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v9i1.297


Industrial revolution in the late nineteenth century in Western societies was a new emerging phenomenon promising a better life for the future of humanity. However, its development and growth exposed human values to fundamental changes. The challenge shaped between the development and growth of the industry and human values spread quickly to other sections. Artificial environment were one of these sections. Before the emergence of the industrial revolution the development and growth of cities were through a ritual process and there wasn’t any challenge between the development process and values. Urban values can be categorized on three parts issues of cultural-historical values, issues of skeletal-physical values, issues of environmental perceptions values. The aim of this research is to study the challenges between the development and conservation of the urban values, raising the question that ‘what has been the position of urban values in the development of the cities of Iran?’ In spite of the fact that the historical cores of the cities are valuable, there has been no attention to the present values in the process of the urban contemporary development. The present research is of the fundamental-development research type using the interpretive-historical method by data-gathering and qualitative analyses. The research revealed that the development process was based on the identity and cultural values in the cities of Iran before the advent of modernity and since the city met the existing needs, a desired coordination was shaped between urban values and development; however, the arrival of new urban elements supported legally by the government led to ignorance of many urban values in the contemporary development.


Urban value; urban conservation; historical context; Isfahan.

Full Text:



Charter of Athens. (2013, 12 14). Retrieved from Getty conservation institute: http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/research_resources/charters/charter04.html.

Falamaki, M. M. (1999). Theoretic Origins and Tendencies of Architecture. Tehran-Iran: FAZA Scientific and Cultural Institute.

Fahimi, A., and Mashdi, A. (2009). Intrinsic Value and Instrument Value in the Philosophy of Environment. Journal of Quarterly Philosophical-Theological Research, 41: 195-216.

Haghighat-bin, M., Ansari, M., and Pourjafar, M. (2009). Mashhad Kahiyaban (Street Charbagh) during Safavid dynasty. Journal of Historical Research, University of Isfahan: 37-54.

Jafari, M. T. (2006). Philosophy of Art and Beauty in Isla. Qom - Iran: The Allameh Jafari Institute.

Jokilehto, J. (2002). A History of Architectural Conservation, Oxford: Butterworth - Heinemann.

Karimi, K. (2009). The Urban Planning of Isfahan: Past and Present. Journal of Haft shahr, 27/28, 10-19.

Larkham, P. J. (1996). Conservation and City. London: Routledge.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Development. (2010). An attempt document traditional Bazaar in Iran. Tehran-Iran: Published by Urban Planning and Architecture - Vice Directorate The Office of Architecture and Urban Design.

Nejad E. A., Pourjafar, M., Ansari, M., Hanachi, P. (2014). Value and its relation with Intervention Approach in the Historical & Cultural Relics. Journal of Maremat & Me`mari-e, 6: 79-98.

Orbasli, A. (2001). Tourists in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management, London and New York: E&FN Spon. Teylor & Francis Group

Pirnia, M., and Gholamhossin , M. (2007). Architecture Style of Iran. Tehran-Iran: Soroush Danesh.

Rahnama, M. (2009). Identification of Valuable Urban Areas, Concepts, Principles, Theories and Value of Civil, Mashhad – Iran: Mashhad Jahadeh Daneshghahy Publishers.

Salehi, M. S., and Bagheri, B. S. (2005). Comparative historical and cultural issues of urban restoration measures. Journal of Abady, 45: 32-39.

Shafaghi, C. (2007). The Geography of Isfahan. Isfahan: Isfahan University.

Shirazi, B. (1995). Demolition of Khsruagha Bath. Journal of Asar, 25: 2-28.

Zancheti, S. M. (1997), Values and Urban Conservation Planning: some Reflections on Principles and Definition, Journal of Architectural Conservation, 3(1): 37-51.


Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018


Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014