GREEN TOWERS AND ICONIC DESIGN: Cases from Three Continents

Kheir M Al-Kodmany

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v8i1.336

Abstract

Recently, massive urbanization, increasingly denser cities and environmental consciousness are pushing architects to build “green” skyscraper. This paper examines the emergence of a notable type of skyscrapers which depart from purely image-driven structures, and emphasizes functionality and energy efficiency. It argues that breathtaking green design and practical clean technology are merged to give birth to green architectural aesthetics. Upon reviewing over 30 towers from various parts of the world, the paper identifies salient green design strategies that provide new iconicity including: structural efficiencies, renewable energy, façade technology, greeneries, and bioclimatic design. Findings suggest that a dynamic synergy among innovative green design strategies, new architectural languages and exciting aesthetics has constituted a trend that is more likely to prevail in the 21st Century.


Keywords

sustainable design; new technologies, indigenous forms; innovative approaches; green aesthetics

Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-Kodmany, K. and Ali, M. (2013). The Future of the City: Tall Buildings and Urban Design. WIT Press, UK.

Baker, W. (2004). “The world’s tallest building-Burj Dubai, UAE”, Proceedings of The International Conference on Tall Buildings, Seoul, South Korea, pp.1168, 1169.

Beedle, L., Ali, M. and Armstrong, P. (2007). Skyscraper and the City: Design, Technology, and

Innovation, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, NY.

Binder, G. (2006). 101 of the World's Tallest Buildings. The Images Publishing Group Pty Ltd, Mulgrave, Victoria 3170, Australia.

Blake, P. (1961). Frank Lloyd Wright - Architecture and Space. Penguin Books: London, New York.

Despommir, D. and Ellington, E. (2008) ‘The vertical farm: the sky-scraper as vehicle for a sustainable urban agriculture’, CTBUH 8th World Congress on Tall & Green: Typology for a Sustainable Urban Future, 2008, Dubai, 3–5 March, pp.311–318.

Dutton, R. and Isyumov, N. (1990). “Reduction of tall building motion by aerodynamic treatments,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol. 36, pp.739–747.

Foster, N., Luff, S. and Visco, D. (2008) Green Skyscrapers What is Being Built, and Why? A Report for CRP 3840: Green Cities, 4 December,

http://courses.cit.cornell.edu/crp384/2008reports/18Green_Skyscrapers.pdf (Retrieved January 15, 2014).

Gang, J. (2008). “Wanted: tall buildings less iconic, more specific”, CTBUH 8th World Congress on Tall & Green: Typology for a Sustainable Urban Future, 2008, Dubai, 3–5 March, pp.496–502.

Gissen, D. (Ed.) (2002). Big & Green, Princeton Architectural Press, New York, NY.

Goncalves, J. C. S. (2012). The Environmental Performance of Tall Buildings. Earthscan, publishing for a sustainable future, London, Washington, D.C.

Hayashida, H. and Iwasa, Y. (1990). “Aerodynamic shape effects of tall building for vortex induced Vibration,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol. 33, pp.237–242.

Holmes, J.D. (2001). Wind Loading of Structure, Spon Press, London.

Iffrig, A. (2008). Iconic Architecture Redefined: Classical Architectural Features Versus Signature Architecture Design, Suite101.com. June 25, http://architecture.suite101.com/

Irwin, P., Denoon, R., and Scott, D. (2013). Wind Tunnel Testing of High-Rise Buildings. Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London and New York.

Isyumov, N., Fediw, A., Colaco, J. and Banavalkar, P.V. (1992). “Performance of a tall building

under wind excitation,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vols. 41–44, pp.1053–1064.

Jencks, C. (2005). The Iconic Building. Rizzoli: New York City, N.Y.

Martin, C. (2008). New York Mayor Touts Energy Conservation for Savings, Bloomberg,

August 21, http://www.bloomberg.com/ (Retrieved January 15, 2014).

Parker, D. and Wood, A. (2013). The Tall Buildings Reference Book. Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London and New York.

Riley, T. and Nordenson, G. (2003). Tall Buildings, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.

Sarkisian, M. (2012). Designing Tall Buildings Structure as Architecture. Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London and New York.

Terranova, A. (2003). The Great Skyscrapers of the World, White Star, 2006. Vercelli, Italy

Wood, A. (2008). “Green or Grey? The Aesthetics of Tall Building Sustainability.” Proceeding of CTBUH 8th World Congress in Dubai, March.

Yeang and Powell (2007). ‘Designing the ecoskyscraper: premises for tall building design’,

The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, Vol. 16, pp.411–427.

Yeang, K. (1996). The Skyscraper Bioclimatically Considered: A Design Primer, Wiley-Academy

Group Ltd., London, UK.

Yeang, K. (2006). Ecodesign: A Manual for Ecological Design, Wiley, New York.

Zhang, M. (2008). “Building brand identity: sustainable yet iconic high-rise design for China’s power companies”, CTBUH 8th World Congress on Tall & Green: Typology for a Sustainable Urban Future, 2008, Dubai, 3–5 March, pp.755–761.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR



ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014