AN ANALYSIS OF AN INTERNATIONAL NGOS DESIGN DECISION-MAKING IN POST DISASTER DEVELOPING COUNTRY CONTEXT A Sri Lanka Case Study

John Bruen, Jason Von Meding, Karim Hadjri

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v7i3.55

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explore the current design and delivery approaches of a selected INGO operating in the field of post disaster housing design and delivery in developing country contexts and clearly map out their approach from inception to completion of a housing project. The research utilizes a case study analysis involving a leading European INGO operating in post disaster housing delivery in Sri Lanka in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The research highlights the main challenges and opportunities in relation to the design and delivery of low cost sustainable housing in developing countries as identified in current literature on the subject. An in depth analysis of the selected INGO’s overall design and delivery approach was undertaken utilizing a causal mapping interview procedure with lead designers within the organization who were involved in the project’s design and implementation. The results identify and discuss the specific approaches, challenges and considerations that informed their decision-making as an INGO in a post disaster developing country context which. The results of this research study provide a concise insight into the design decision-making process and considerations of leading foreign INGO’s operating in developing countries and will be beneficial to policy makers, NGOs, government bodies and community organizations in practice as it offers unique evidence based insights into an international bodies housing design decision-making process.


Keywords

Sustainable housing; developing countries; decision-making; knowledge transfer

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adeyemi, A.Y. (2002). "Affordable housing production: The influence of traditional construction materials." XXX IAHS world congress on housing, housing construction: an interdisciplinary task, Vols 1-3, pp. 827-832.

Bruen, J., Hadjri, K., Von Meding, J., (2013), Design Drivers for Affordable and Sustainable Housing in Developing Countries, The Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol 7, Issue 11, pp. xx, Nov 2013. (in press)

Bryson, J.M., Ackermann, F., Eden, C. & Finn, C.B. 2004, Visible Thinking: Unlocking causal mapping for practical business results, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester.

Cuff, D., (1991), “Architecture: The story of practice”, Cambridge Mass., MIT Press.

Eden, C., Ackermann, F., (1998) “Making Strategy: the journey of strategic management”. London: Sage Publications Ltd. Fallahi, A. 2007, “Lessons learned from the housing reconstruction following the Bam Earthquake in Iran.” The Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol. 22 No. 1, February 2007.

Fiol, C.M., & Huff, A.S., (1992), “Maps for managers: Where are we? Where do we go from here?”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp 267-285.

Harrison, E. F. (1999), “The managerial decision-making process”, 5th ed, Houghton Miffin, Boston, MA.

Holm, I., (2006), “Ideas and beliefs in architecture and industrial design” Doctoral Thesis, Oslo Scholl of Architecture & Design.

Hurby, J.,(2006) “Managerial cognition and the international strategy making process in European telecom MNCs”, Doctorial Colloquium, Oslo, University of Graz, 2006.

International Federation Of The Red Cross And red Crescent Society, (2001), “World Disasters Report, focus On Recovery” www.ifrc.org/PageFiles/89755/2001/21400_WDR2001.pdf (Accessed August 06 2013).

Kahneman, D, Tversky, A., (2000). Choice, Values, Frames. The Cambridge University Press. Pugh, C. 1994, Housing Policy Development in Developing Countries: The World Bank and Internationalization, 1972–

Cities 11(3), 159–180.

Randolph, B., Kam, M., Graham, P. 2008, “Who can afford sustainable housing.” In: Nelson, A., (Ed,), “Steering sustainability in an urbanizing world.”, Ashgate, Aldershot, United Kingdom.

Salazer A., (1994) “The crises and modernity of housing disasters in developing countries: Participatory housing and technology after the Marathwada (1993) Earthquake, http://www.grif.umontreal.ca/pages/i-rec%20papers/alex.PDF (Accessed 26-03-10).

Schilderman, T., (2004) “Adapting traditional shelter for disaster mitigation and reconstruction: experiences with community-based approaches” Building Research & Information, (September–October 2004) 32(5), 414–426

Simon, H. A., (1977), “The new science of management decision” Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

United Nations Office of the Disaster Relief Co-ordinator (UNDRO). 1982. Shelter after disaster: Guidelines for assistance. http://cidbimena.desastres.hn/docum/crid/Septiembre-Octubre2005/CD-1/pdf/eng/doc3968/doc3968.htm (accessed June 20, 2013).

Yin, R.K., (1994), Case Study Research: Design and Methods, 2nd ed., Sage Publications, 1994


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR



ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014