CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES ON THE BOSPORUS REGION

Fatih Yazicioglu

Abstract


The Bosporus is a unique place with its traditional architecture. The construction of new buildings along the Bosporus coast line are forbidden and only reconstructions of demolished original historic buildings are possible. Since 1984 legal authorities act different legislations about these reconstructions. Until 2005 the legislation gives permission for the usage of any structural material unless the overall appearance is the same as the original building. But after 2005 the legislation changed and the usage of original structural material became mandatory. The underlying reason of this is to protect the originality and authenticity of the Bosporus buildings both with their appearances and construction techniques. But the practical output became promoting the constructers for making the reconstructions without following the approved reconstruction projects or changing the reconstructions afterwards. In this paper structural system, external wall, window, and roof alternatives for reconstructions are compared and contrasted by evaluating the performance requirements. Examples of inappropriate reconstructions are documented and a tentative proposal is made for the reconstructions of the Bosporus region.


Keywords


Construction Techniques; Structure; Building Elements; Residential Housing; Bosporus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berge, B. (2009). The ecology of building materials. Amsterdam: Architectural Press.

Bougdah, H. (2009). Environment, technology, and sustainability. New York: Taylor & Francis.

Brock, L. (2005). Designing the exterior wall. Haboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Carmody, J. et al. (2000). Residential windows: a guide to new technologies and energy performance. New York: Norton.

Cleveland, C.J. & Morris, C.G. (2009). Dictionary of energy: expanded edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Cole, R., and Kernan, P. (1996). Life-cycle energy use in office buildings. Building and Environment, 31(4), 307-317.

Cook, M.G., (2011). The zero-carbon house. Ramsbury: Crowood.

Cultural and Natural Heritage Preservation Board. (2005). Decisions about the Principles for Grouping, Maintaining and Repairing the Cultural Real Estates (in Turkish). Retrieved from: http://teftis.kulturturizm.gov.tr/TR,13911/ilke-kararlari.html , access date: 13 October 2013.

Cultural and Natural Heritage Preservation Board. (2005). The Criteria for the Protection and Usage of the Urban Archeological Protected Areas (in Turkish). Retrieved from: http://teftis.kulturturizm.gov.tr/TR,13911/ilke-kararlari.html, access date: 13 October 2013.

Engel, H. (1981). Structure systems. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags.

Grand National Assembly. (1983). Law of Bosporus. Turkish Republic Governmental Journal (in Turkish), 22, 970-984.

Harrison, H.W. (2000). Roofs and roofing: performance, diagnosis, maintenance, repair and the avoidance of defects. Watford: Brepress.

Hisar, A.S. (2012). Mansions of the Old Times (in Turkish), Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Publications.

Kanadoğlu, S. (2009). Cultural and natural heritage protection law. Ankara: Seckin Yayincilik.

Lovell, J. (2010). Building envelopes: an integrated approach. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. (2008). Legislation of Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Turkish Republic Governmental Journal (in Turkish), 2008, 27075.

Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. (2007). İstanbul Building Construction Code. İstanbul: Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.

Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. (2014). Duties of the Directorate of Bosporus Housing. Retrieved from http://www.ibb.gov.tr/tr-tr/kurumsal/birimler/bogaziciimarmd , access date: 13 October 2013.

Rich, P. & Dean, Y. (1999). Principles of element design. London: Routledge.

Sakaoglu, N. (2012). What does Yalı means, does it only given to houses on the Bosporus? (in Turkish). NTV History. Istanbul: Dogus Yayin Grubu.

Standards British. (2000). Thermal performance of buildings – Calculation of energy use for heating Residential buildings, BS EN 832:2000, Available from: BSOL. [29 May 2015].

Standards International, (2012). ISO 10077-2, Thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters — Calculation of thermal transmittance, Part 2: Numerical method for frames.

Turkcu, C. (2003). Contemporary Structural Systems (in Turkish). Istanbul: Birsen Yayinevi.

Yazicioglu, F. (2012). A Comparative Analysis of Embodied and Operational CO2 Emissions from the External Wall of a Reconstructed Bosporus Mansion in Istanbul, in Hakansson, A., Höjer, M., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12), 1093-1105.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, DOAJ, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons.

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2016

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014