LEGIBILITY OF NEIGHBORHOOD PARKS AND ITS IMPACT ON SOCIAL INTERACTION IN A PLANNED RESIDENTIAL AREA

Amine Moulay, Norsidah Ujang

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v10i1.686

Abstract

Neighbourhood parks are designed to provide opportunities for leisure and communal activities for the residents. However, studies have indicated that social interactions in these spaces are not at a satisfactory level. In the urban design context, a good public space should be legible to the observers. Legibility refers to the apparent clarity of the cityscape that directs people’s movement, pattern of activities and form of interaction in public spaces. This paper discusses park’s legibility and its impact on social interaction within a neighbourhood. The results presented are based on a questionnaire survey and a mental mapping exercise conducted with residents in the city of Putrajaya, Malaysia. The results demonstrate a strong relationship between the park’s legibility and the social interactions among the park users. A clear structure of the setting and fewer sight obstacles found within the parks influence residents’ pattern and the Intensity of outdoor activities. The findings contribute to the development of legible environments in neighbourhood park design, its positive impact on social interaction, and social bonding among the residents.


Keywords

Legibility; Social Interaction; Neighbourhood Park; Putrajaya

Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-Bishawi, M., & Ghadban, S. (2011). A methodological approach for reading urban open space. International journal of Architectural Research, 5(1), 73-85.

Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., & Silverstein, M. (1977). A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Argyle, M. (1979). Social Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Argent, N. (2008). Perceived density, social interaction and morale in New South Wales rural communities. Journal of Rural Studies, 24, 245-261.

Azmi, D. I., & Karim, H. A. (2012). Implications of Walkability Towards Promoting Sustainable Urban Neighbourhood. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 50, 204-213.

Bernard, H. (2011). Research Methodology in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Library of Congress UK. ALTAMIRA press.

Bounds, M. (2008). Urban Social Theory: city, self and society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brown, G., Schebella, M. F., & Weber, D. (2013). Using participatory GIS to measure physical activity and urban park benefits. Landscape and Urban Planning, 121, 34-44.

Carmona, M., Tiesdell, S., Heath, T., & Oc, T. (2010). Public Places- Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design. Boston, MA Architectural Press.

Department of Statistics, Malaysia. (2013). from http://www.statistics.gov.my/portal/index.php

Freeman, L. (2001). The effects of sprawl on neighborhood social ties. Journal of the American Planning Association, 67, 69-77.

Gehl, J. (2010). Cities for people. New York: Island press

Gehl, J. (1971). Life between buildings: Using public spaces London: The John Hopkins University Press.

Greenbaum, S. D. (1985). The ecology of social networks in four urban neighborhoods.University of South Florida, 7, 47-76.

Hari, R., & Kujala, M. V. (2009). Brain basis of human social interaction: from concepts to brain imaging. Physiological reviews, 89, 453-479.

Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J., & Rapson R. (1994). Emotional Contagion. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Hultsman, J.T., Black, D.R., Seehafer, R.W., & Hovell, M. F. (1987). The Purdue Stepped Approach Model: application to leisure counseling. Therapeutic Recreational Journal, 21, 9-12.

Inspection Report of Putrajaya. (2009). Structure plan of Putrajaya. Putrajaya Corporation. June 2009. Malay Government.

Jorgensen, B.S. & Steadman, R.C. (2001). Sense of place as an attitude: Lakeshore owners attitudes toward their properties. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 223-248.

Karuppannan, S., & Sivam, A. (2012). Comparative analysis of utilization of open space at neighbourhood level in three Asian cities: Singapore, Delhi and Kuala Lumpur. URBAN DESIGN International, 2, 145-164.

Krejcie, R.V., & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.

Lelévrier, C. (2013). Social mix neighbourhood policies and social interaction: The experience of newcomers in three new renewal developments in France. Cities, 35, 409-416.

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. MIT Press, Cambridge.

Neal, P. (2003). An Urban Village Primer in Urban Villages and the Making of Communities. Edited by Peter Neal. London: Spon Press.

Neutens, T., Farber, S., Delafontaine, M., & Boussauw, K. (2012). Spatial variation in the potential for social interaction: A case study in Flanders (Belgium). Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 41, 318-331.

Perbadanan Putrajaya. (2002). Local Plan Manual, Putrajaya. Precincts 7,8,9 and 10. April 2002. Malay Government.

Proshansky, H., Fabian, A.K., & Kaminoff, R. (1983). Place identity: physical world socialization of the self. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 57-83.

Rasidi, M. H., Jamirsah, N., & Said, I. (2012). Urban Green Space Design Affects Urban Residents’ Social Interaction. Procedia - Socialand Behavioral Sciences, 68, 464-480.

Ratcliffe,J. (1975). An Introduction to Town and Country Planning. London: Hutchinson & Company Limited.

Shukur, F., Othman, N., & Abdul Hadi, N. (2012). The Values of Parks to the House Residents. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 49, 350-359

Talen, E. (2010). The Spatial Logic of Parks. Journal of Urban Design, 15(5), 473-491.

Tuan, Y. F. (1977). Space and Place: The perspective of experience. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Ujang, N. (2012). Place Attachment and Continuity of Urban Place Identity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 49, 156–167.

Ujang, N., & Shuhana, S. (2012). The Influence of Legibility on Attachment towards the Shopping Streets of Kuala Lumpur, 1(20), 81-92. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.

Ujang, N. (2014). Place Meaning and Significance of the Traditional Shopping District in the City Center of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Archnet-IJAR, International Journal of Architectural Research, 1(8), 66-77- Section: Original Research Articles.

Yeung, H. W. (1996). Urban Imagery and the Main Street of the Nation: The Legibility of Orchard Road in the Eyes of Singaporeans. Urban Studies, 33(3), 473-494.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR



Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014