KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY AS AN INITIATOR OF SUSTAINABLE URBANISM IN EMERGING METROPOLISES: THE CASE OF DOHA, QATAR

Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Alain Thierstein, Wafa Al Ghatam

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v10i1.927

Abstract

This paper is a comprehensive coverage of a research project of the National Priority Research Program of the Qatar National Research Fund, entitled ‘Investigating the Qualities of the Urban Environment in Emerging Regional Metropolises’, and carried out between 2011 and 2014 through the joint collaboration of Qatar University and Technische Universität München. Through the shift of global economic forces Gulf cities, such as Qatar’s capital Doha, are developed as central hubs between developed economies in the West and the rising economies of Asia. In the context of international competition between cities new challenges are emerging where cities need to find ways to sustain and extend their position in a globalizing world. Therefore the research process placed emphasis on the complex interrelationship of knowledge economies and spatial developments in the Gulf region. The work is premised on the assumption that non-physical economic aspects and the qualities of the urban environment are interdependent. It analyses the qualities of the urban environment of Doha as an important regional metropolis through a comprehensive investigation utilizing a set of interdisciplinary research methods that include analysis of historic documents, Delphi interview series, company network analysis, GIS analysis, cognitive mapping, behavioural studies, media surveys, attitude surveys, and space syntax analysis. The outcomes promise important results regarding urban qualities in the city of Doha culminating into various recommendations aimed at potential beneficiaries including public sector organizations, private sector and real estate development companies, and academia. 


Keywords

Urbanism; Knowledge Economies; Urban Qualities; Spatial Transformation; Sustainability; Identity; Qatar

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adham, K. (2008). Rediscovering the Island: Doha`s Urbanity from Pearls to Spectacle. In: Y. Elsheshtawy, (ed.), The Evolving Arab City, London: Routledge.

Al Buainain, F. (1999). Urbanisation in Qatar: a Study of the Residential and Commercial Land Development in Doha City, 1970 – 1997. Salford: University of Salford.

Alderson, A. and Beckfield, J. (2007). Globalisation and the World City System: Preliminary Results from Longitudinal Data Set. In: P. Taylor, B. Derudder, P. Saey and F. Witlox, (eds.), Cities in Globalization, London: Routledge. 21-35.

Altman, I. (1975). The Environment and Social Behavior. Monterey, CA: Brookes/Cole.

Beaverstock, J., Smith, R. and Taylor, P. (2000). World City Network: A New Metageography?. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 90 (1), 123-134.

Burgess, E. W. (1925). The Growth of the City. In: The City: R.E. Park, E. W. Burgess, and R. D. McKenzie, (eds.), Suggestions of Investigation of Human Behavior in the Urban Environment, IL: University of Chicago Press, 47-62.

Castells, E. (2004). The Relationship between Globalization and Cultural Identity in the Early 21st Century. Barcelona: Forum 2004.

Castells, M. (1989). The Informational City: Information Technology, Economic Restructuring and the Urban Regional Process. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Cohen, R. (1981). The New International Division of Labor, Multinational Corporations and Urban Hierarchy. In: M. Dear, A. Scott, (eds.), Urbanization and Urban Planning in Capitalist Society, London: Methuen, 287–317.

Conventz, S., Thierstein, A., Wiedmann, F. and Salama, A. M. (2015). When the Oryx takes off: Doha a new rising knowledge hub in the Gulf-region?. International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development , 6(1), 65-82.

Florida, R. (2002). The Rise of the Creative Class: And how it’s transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. New York: Perseus Book Group.

Fox, J. W., Mourtada-Sabbah, N., and Al-Mutawa, M. (2006). Globalization and the Gulf. New York: Routledge.

Friedmann, J. (1986). The World City Hypothesis. Development and Change, 17 (1), 69-83.

Friedmann, J. and Wolff, G. (1982). World City Formation: an Agenda for Research and Action. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 6(1), 309–344.

GSDP – General Secretariat of Development Planning (2008). Qatar National Vision 2030. Doha: Gulf Publishing and Printing Company.

GSDP – General Secretariat of Development Planning (2009). Advancing Sustainable Development, Qatar’s Second Human Development Report. Doha: Gulf Publishing and Printing Company.

GSDP – Qatar General Secretariat of Development Planning (2011). National Development Strategy 2011 – 2016. Doha: Gulf Publishing and Printing Company.

Hillier, B. (1999). Space is the Machine: A Configurational Theory of Architecture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.

Lüthi, S., Thierstein, A., Goebel, V. (2010): Intra-firm and extra-firm linkages in the knowledge economy: the case of the emerging mega-city region of Munich, Global Networks, 10 (2010) 114-137.

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Malecki, E. (2000). Creating and Sustaining Competitiveness: Local Knowledge and Economic Geography. In: J.R. Bryson, P.W. Daniels, N. Henry, J. Pollard, (eds.), Knowledge, Space, Economy. London, 103-119.

Mirincheva, V., Wiedmann, F. and Salama, A. M. (2013). The spatial development potentials of business districts in Doha: the case of the West Bay. Open House International, 38(4), 16-26.

Rapoport, A. (1990). The Meaning of the Built Environment: A Non-verbal Communication Approach. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.

Rapoport, A. (2005). Culture, Architecture, and Design. Chicago, IL: Locke Science Publishing.

Salama, A. M. (2011). Identity flows, the Arabian Peninsula, emerging metropolises. In: Atlas Architectures of the 21st Century - Africa and Middle East. Madrid: Fundacion BBVA, 170-221.

Salama, A. M. (2012). Architectural identity demystified: visual voices from the Arab world. In: p. Emmons, J. Lomholdt and J. Hendrix, (eds.), The Cultural Role of Architecture. London: Routledge.

Salama, A. M. (2013). Manufacturing the image of Doha: from the public face of architecture to the printed media. Open House International, 38(4), 6-15.

Salama, A. M. (2014a). Media coverage and users' reactions: Al Azhar Park in Cairo re-examined. In: W. F. E. Preiser, A. T. Davis, A. M. Salama and A. Hardy, (eds.), Architecture Beyond Criticism. 91-103. London: Routledge.

Salama, A. M. (2014b). Interrogating the practice of image making in a budding context. Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research. 8(3),74-94.

Salama, A. M. and Azzali, S. (2015). Examining attributes of urban open spaces in Doha. Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning, 168(2), 75–87.

Salama, A. M. and Wiedmann, F. (2013a). Demystifying Doha: On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Salama, A. M. and Wiedmann, F. (2013b). The production of urban qualities in the emerging city of Doha: urban space diversity as a case for investigating the 'lived space'. Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 7(2), 160-172.

Salama, A. M. and Wiedmann, F. (Eds.) (2013c). Unveiling urban transformations in the Arabian Peninsula: dynamics of global flows, multiple modernities, and people-environment interactions. Special issue, Open House International, 38(4), 1-114.

Salama, A. M. and Wiedmann, F. (2013d). Evolving urbanism of cities on the Arabian Peninsula. Special issue, Open House International, 38 (4). pp. 4-5.

Salama, A. M., Al-Maimani, A. and Khalfani, F. (2013). Understanding inhabitants' spatial experience of the city of Doha through cognitive mapping. Open House International, 38(4), 37-46.

Salama, A. M., Wiedmann, F. and Thierstein, A. (2013). The impact of economic diversification on urban morphologies in Doha: an interdisciplinary assessment. Qatar Foundation Annual Research Forum Proceedings 2013, SSHP-017.

Sanderock, L. (1998). Towards Cosmopolis: Planning for Multicultural Cities. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Sassen, S. (1991). The Global City. New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Savitch, H. (2002). Cities in the International Marketplace, New Jersey.

Simon, D. (1995). The World City Hypothesis: Reflections from the Periphery. In: P. Knox and P. Taylor, (eds.) World Cities in a World-system, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 132-155.

Stillerman, J. (2006). The politics of space and culture. Qualitative Sociology, 29, 507–530.

Taylor, P. J. (2003). World City Network: A Global Urban Analysis. London, Routledge.

Wiedmann, F. (2012). Post-oil Urbanism in the Gulf: New Evolutions in Governance and the Impact on Urban Morphologies. Stuttgart: SVH Verlag.

Wiedmann, F., Mirincheva, V. and Salama, A. M. (2013). Urban reconfiguration and revitalisation: public mega projects in Doha's historic centre. Open House International, 38(4), 27-36.

Wiedmann, F. and Salama, A. M. (2013). From pre-oil settlement to post-oil hub: the urban transformation of Doha. Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, 7(2), 146-159.

Wiedmann, F., Salama, A. M. and Thierstein, A. (2012). Urban Evolution of the City of Doha: The Impact of Economic Transformations on Urban Structures. METU-JFA, Journal of the Faculty of Architecture-Middle East Technical University, 29(2), 35-61.

Wiedmann, F. and Salama, A. M. and Mirincheva, V. (2014). Sustainable Urban Qualities in the Emerging City of Doha. Journal of Urbanism, 7(1). 62-84.

Witlox, F. and Derudder, B. (2007). Airline Passenger Flows through Cities – Some New Evidence. In: P. Taylor, B. Derudder, P. Saey and F. Witlox, (eds.), Cities in Globalization, London: Routledge. 21-35.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Architectural Research: ArchNet-IJAR



ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, CNKI, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier, Web of Science.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons: CC-BY--NC-ND license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2018

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014