A UNIFIED ARCHITECTURAL THEORY FOR ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

Sabir bin Nabeeh Nu'Man

Abstract


This research aims to identify criteria for sustainable design solutions to meet the needs of Muslims today. Under the theoretical framework of Nikos Salingaros’ Unified Architectural Theory, design needs and strategies derived from Islamic knowledge and values are identified and used to inform principles for building typologies, location, and movement between buildings. Green building technologies in line with Islamic values and examples of sustainability promoting policies are analyzed and used to further develop design strategies. The findings include a theoretical model that proposes the essential design criteria for appropriate architecture for the Muslim world. This research is relevant for architects designing for Muslims, who have a duty to create housing appropriate for their particular needs and cultural context.



Keywords


Unified architectural theory; design theory; sustainable design; Islamic design; culture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdel Haleem, H. (Ed.) (1999). Islam and the environment. London, U. K.: Ta-Ha Publishers.

Abu Dawood (2008). Sunan Abu Dawood, 5 Volumes. In Ali Za'I, H. (ed.); Qadhi , Y. (trans.). Riyadh: Darussalam Publishers & Distributors.

Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture Designs Great City, a Sustainable Satellite City to Begin Construction This Year in Chengdu, China” (2012, October 12) (Press Release) Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture. Retrieved from http://smithgill.com/news/great_city_press_release/

Akbar, J. (1988). Crisis in the built environment: The case of the Muslim city. Leiden: E.J. Brill Publishing Company.

Al-Bukhari, M. (1997). Sahih al-Bukhari, 9 volumes. M. Muhsin Khan (trans.). Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Darrusalam Publishers.

Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik (1982) Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik. A. at-Tarjumana and Y. Johnson (trans.). Norwich: The Diwan Press.

Al-Qur’an (n.d.). Yusuf Ali (trans.) Madinah, Saudi Arabia: King Fahd Holy Al-Qur’an Printing Complex.

Al- Sakhawi (n.d.). Maqasid al-hasana fi Bayan Kathir min al-Ahadith al-Mushtaharat 'ala al-Alsinah. Dar Al Kotob Al-Ilmiyyah.

Al Tirmidhi (n.d.). Sunan al-Tirmidhī. In A. Al-Tāzī (Ed.). Cairo, Egypt:

Ardalan, N. et al (1973). The sense of unity: The Sufi tradition in Persian architecture. Chicago, U. S.: University of Chicago Press.

Arkoun, M. (2002). Spirituality in architecture. In A. Petruccioli et al (Eds.), Understanding Islamic architecture (p. 3-8). London, U. K.: Routledge Curzon.

Ashghal (2013). Doha north sewage treatment works. Retrieved from

http://www.ashghal.gov.qa/en/Projects/Pages/ProjectDetails.aspx?pid=231&affid=3&Category=Drainage+Projects

Benkari, N. et al (2011). Architectural education in United Arab Emirates. AHU Journal of Engineering & Applied Sciences, 4(1).

Bianca, S. (1994). Urban form in the Arab world: Past and present. London, U. K.: Thames & Hudson.

El-Wakil, A. W. (1981a, April). Being there: Interview with Abdel Wahed El-Wakil. Domus, 616, p 18-21.

El-Wakil, A. W. (1981b). Hamdy house, Cairo. MIMAR architecture in development, 1, p. 58-61.

Fathy, H. (1986). Natural energy and vernacular architecture: Principles and examples with reference to hot arid climates. Chicago, U. S: The University of Chicago.

Fazlul, K. et al (1999). Islam and the environment. London, U. K.: Ta-Ha Publishers.

Foltz, R. C. et al. (2003). Islam and ecology: A bestowed trust. Cambridge, M. A.: Harvard University Press.

Frings, M. (2002, Winter). The golden section in architectural theory. Nexus Network Journal, 4(1), p. 9-32.

Galdieri, E. (2002). Project and tradition. In A. Petruccioli et al (Eds.), Understanding Islamic architecture. London: Routledge Curzon.

Green Cities California (2013). Green cities California. Retrieved from: http://greencitiescalifornia.org/index.html

Hakim, B. S. (2006). Arabic Islamic cities: Building and planning principles. London: Kegan Paul International.

Ibn Adi et al. (1938). Al Hadis: An English translation and commentary of Mishkat ul Masabi (Vols I and II). In F. Karim (Ed.). Calcutta, Pakistan.

Ibn Habban (1949). Rawdat al-‘uqala’ wa-nuzhat al fudala. Cairo, Egypt.

Ibn Majah, M. (2007). Sunan Ibn Majah (5 Volumes). Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Darussalam Publications.

Izzi Dien, M. (1997). The environmental dimensions of Islam. Cambridge, U. K.: Lutterworth Press.

Khan, H. U. (1982). Traditional housing design in the Islamic countries of Asia. In M. B. Sevcenko (Ed.), Urban housing. Cambridge, M. A.: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture.

Lawlor, R. (1982). Sacred geometry: Philosophy and practice. London, U. K.: Thames & Hudson Ltd.

Ludwig, A. (2006). Create an oasis With greywater (5th Edition). Santa Barbara, U. S.: Oasis Design.

Making Sand Lime Brick (2012). Heidelberger kalksandstein. Retrieved from

http://www.heidelberger-kalksandstein.com/heidelberg-sl-brick/making-sand-lime-brick/natural-building-materials.html

Muslim (1956). Sahih Muslim (5 volumes). In M. 'Abd al-Baqi (Ed.). Cairo, Egypt.

National Association of City Transportation Workers (2016). Streets: Urban street design

guide. Retrieved from http://nacto.org/publication/urban-street-design-guide/streets/.

One Green Home (2013). One green home. Retrieved from

http://onegreenhome.org/what-are-solar-panels/

Private Engineering Office (n.d.). Private engineering office. Retrieved from

https://www.linkedin.com/company/private-engineering-office

Pew Research Center (n.d.). The future of the global Muslim population. Retrieved from

http://www.pewforum.org/files/2011/01/FutureGlobalMuslimPopulation-WebPDF-Feb10.pdf.

Marçais, W. (1928). L'islamisme et la vie urbaine. Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 72ᵉ année(1), p. 86-100.

Nasr, S. H. (1968). Science and civilization in Islam. Boston, M. A.: Harvard University Press.

Pope, A. U. (1965). Persian architecture. London, U. K.: Thames & Hudson.

Salingaros, N. (2014). Unified architectural theory: Form, language, complexity. Levellers Press. Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/tag/unified-architectural-theory/.

Salingaros, N. (2006). A theory of architecture. Solingen: Umbau-Verlag.

Serageldin, I, & Shluger, E. (2001). Introduction. Historic cities and sacred sites: Cultural roots for urban futures. Washington, D. C.. p. xi-xix.

Smith, M. (1944). Al-Ghazzali the mystic. London, U. K.: Luzac & Co.

Weather Underground (2013). Weather history for Doha, Qatar. Retrieved from

http://www.wunderground.com/history/airport/OTBD/2011/1/2/CustomHistory.html?dayend=2&monthend=1&yearend=2012&req_city=NA&req_state=NA&req_statename=NA


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ABOUT US


- ISSN (Online) #1938 7806 - ArchNet-IJAR is covered by ArchNet@ MIT Libraries, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, EBSCO, DOAJ, Pro-Quest, Scopus-Elsevier.

- Published work in ArchNet-IJAR is licensed under Creative Commons.

Copyrights © Archnet-IJAR 2007-2016

 
 

Hit Counter
Visitor Hits Since 15 Jan 2014